Cosmetic Surgery

What Are Dermal Fillers?

Dermal fillersDermal fillers are a popular non-surgical cosmetic treat­ment for enhan­cing facial beauty. They are used to smooth out wrinkles, plump up lips, and add volume to hollow areas of the face. Fillers are made of different mater­ials, including hyalur­onic acid, calcium hydroxylapatite, poly-L-lactic acid, and poly­methyl­methac­rylate (PMMA). They are injected directly into the skin to restore volume, hydra­tion, and struc­ture to the face, resulting in a more youthful and refreshed appearance.

One of the most common types of dermal fillers is hyalur­onic acid (HA) fillers. Hyaluronic acid is a natur­ally occur­ring substance in the skin that provides hydra­tion and volume. Over time, the levels of hyalur­onic acid in the skin decrease, leading to wrinkles, fine lines, and a loss of volume. HA fillers are designed to replace the lost hyalur­onic acid, restoring hydra­tion and volume to the face. HA fillers are well-tolerated, safe, and long-lasting, typic­ally lasting six to nine months.

Calcium hydroxylapatite (CaHA) fillers are another popular type of dermal fillers. CaHA fillers are made of micro­spheres of calcium hydroxylapatite, a natur­ally occur­ring mineral in the body. These micro­spheres are suspended in a gel-like substance and are injected into the skin to add volume to areas that have lost volume due to aging or other factors. CaHA fillers are long-lasting and can last up to two years.

Poly-L-lactic acid (PLLA) fillers are made from a synthetic material that is similar to the material used in dissolv­able sutures. PLLA fillers are designed to stim­u­late the body’s own produc­tion of collagen, the protein respons­ible for skin’s struc­ture and elasti­city. As a result, PLLA fillers provide a gradual improve­ment in skin texture and quality over time, and can last up to two years.

Polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) fillers are made from a synthetic material that provides long-lasting results. PMMA fillers are typic­ally used to enhance the cheekbones, temples, and jawline, providing a more defined and sculpted appear­ance to the face. PMMA fillers can last up to five years or more.

Dermal fillers are performed by a trained health­care profes­sional, such as a derma­to­lo­gist, plastic surgeon, or licensed aesthet­i­cian. The procedure is typic­ally done in an office setting and takes only a few minutes to complete. Most dermal fillers are done using a local anes­thetic, although some patients may choose to have a topical or oral anesthetic.

The results of dermal fillers are imme­diate, with full results visible within a few days to a week after the procedure. Fillers provide a natural-looking improve­ment to the face, and are an excel­lent altern­ative to surgical proced­ures for those who are not ready for a more invasive procedure. Fillers can also be used in combin­a­tion with other cosmetic treat­ments, such as Botox or laser resur­fa­cing, to provide a more compre­hensive reju­ven­a­tion of the face.

Dermal fillers are gener­ally safe and well-tolerated, with few side effects. The most common side effects include redness, swelling, and bruising at the injec­tion site, which typic­ally resolve within a few days. Other rare side effects can include infec­tion, allergic reac­tions, and the devel­op­ment of nodules or lumps under the skin.

It is important to choose a reput­able and exper­i­enced health­care profes­sional to perform your dermal filler procedure.